Research in the Division of Bacteriology, Parasitology, and Pathology

Head of division: Charlotta Oddsdóttir

The Division of Bacteriology, Parasitology, and Pathology has a variety of on-going research projects. Members of the Division publish their findings on a regular basis in peer-reviewed journals. Publications over the last five years are listed below and show the high variety of research projects in which members are involved.

Published papers authored by members of the Division of Bacteriology, Parasitology, and Pathology

Faltýnková, A., Kudlai, O., Pantoja, C. et al. Prey-mimetism in cercariae of Apatemon (Digenea, Strigeidae) in freshwater in northern latitudes. Parasitol Res 122, 815–831 (2023).

Jouet, D., Snæþórsson, A.Ö. & Skírnisson, K. Wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus L.) as intermediate host for Mesocestoides canislagopodis (Rudolphi, 1810) (Krabbe 1865) in Iceland. Parasitol Res (2023).

Oddsdóttir, C., Sturludóttir, E., Sigurðardóttir, Ó.G., Valgeirsdóttir, B., Eyjólfsdóttir, E.I., Björnsdóttir, S. Accumulation of fluoride in Icelandic sheep and horses 2007-2019 and the effect of proximity to aluminium smelters. Icelandic Agricultural Sciences 36, 3-19.

Saarma, U., Skirnisson, K., Björnsdottir, T., Laurimäe, T., & Kinkar, L. (2023). Cystic echinococcosis in Iceland: A brief history and genetic analysis of a 46-year-old Echinococcus isolate collected prior to the eradication of this zoonotic disease. Parasitology, 150(7), 638-643.

Skírnisson, K. Saga veggjalúsarinnar á Íslandi. Náttúrfræðingurinn 2023, 93. árgangur 1.-2. hefti bls. 34-46.

Skírnisson, K., Jouet, D. Parasites of five vagrant Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) swimming to Iceland during 2008 to 2016. Icelandic Agricultural Sciences 36, 21-33,

Van Der Spuy, L., Erasmus, J.H., Nachev, M., Schaeffner, B.C., Sures, B., Wepener, V. Smit, N.J. The use of fish parasitic isopods as element accumulation indicators in marine pollution monitoring, Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2023; 194:115385.

Vasoya D, Tzelos T, Benedictus L, Karagianni AE, Pirie S, Marr C, Oddsdóttir C, Fintl C, Connelley T. High-Resolution Genotyping of Expressed Equine MHC Reveals a Highly Complex MHC Structure. Genes. 2023; 14(7):1422.

Bernal, L., Talabante, C., Skírnisson, K. (2022). First record of Philopterus timmermanni (Złotorzycka, 1964c) (Phthiraptara, Ischnocera) from Iceland. Norwegian Journal of Entomology. 69:229-231.

Erasmus, J.H., Smit, N.J., Gerber, R., Schaeffner, B.C., Nkabi, N., Wepener, V. (2022). Total mercury concentrations in sharks, skates and rays along the South African coast. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 184, 114142.

Galaktionov K, Solovyeva A, Blakeslee A, Skírnisson K. Overview of renicolid digeneans (Digenea, Renicolidae) from marine gulls of northern Holarctic with remarks on their species statuses, phylogeny and phylogeography. Parasitology. 2022, 1-72.

Lisnerová M, Lisner A, Cantatore DMP, Schaeffner BC, Pecková H, Tyml T, Fiala I, Bartošová-Sojková P, Holzer AS. Correlated evolution of fish host length and parasite spore size: a tale from myxosporeans inhabiting elasmobranchs. Int J Parasitol. 2022; 52(2-3):97-110. https://doi: 10.1016/j.ijpara.2021.05.008

Lisnerová M, Martineka IN, Alama-Bermejo G, Bouberlová K, Schaeffner BC, Nkabi N, Holzer AS, Bartošová-Sojková P. An ancient alliance: Matching evolutionary patterns of cartilaginous fishes (Elasmobranchii) and chloromyxid parasites (Myxozoa). Infection, Genetics and Evolution. 2022; 103:105346.

Morrill A, Nielsen ÓK, Skírnisson K, Forbes MR. Identifying sources of variation in parasite aggregation. PeerJ. 2022: 10:e13763.

Munk, P., Brinch, C., Møller, F.D. et al. Genomic analysis of sewage from 101 countries reveals global landscape of antimicrobial resistance. Nat Commun 13, 7251 (2022).

Oddsdóttir C, Freysdóttir J, Jónsdóttir RÓ. Absorption of colostral immunoglobulin G by Icelandic dairy calves. ICEL. AGRIC. SCI. 2022; 35:17-25.

Oosthuizen, G., Naidoo, K., Smit, N.J., Schaeffner, B.C. (2022). Adding one more to the list: A new species of Eniochobothrium (Cestoda: Lecanicephalidea) from the Oman cownose ray in South Africa. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, 19, 138–147.

Sigurdardottir AK, Hilmarsdottir B, Gudjonsson T, Traustadottir GA. Application of 3D Culture Assays to Study Breast Morphogenesis, Epithelial Plasticity, and Cellular Interactions in an Epithelial Progenitor Cell Line. Methods Mol Biol. 2022;2429:391-403. doi:

Skírnisson K. Hringormar í fólki á Íslandi árin 2004-2020. Læknablaðið (The Icelandic Medical Journal). 2022; 108(2).

Skírnisson, K. Parasite composition of a raccoon transported to Iceland confirm its American origin. Icelandic Agricultural Sciences 2022; 35: 39-45.

Skoracki M, Sikora B, Zmudzinski M, Skirnisson K, Hromada M. A new species, Stibarokris nielseni sp. nov. (Acariformes: Syringophilidae) parasitizing Puffinus puffinus (Procellariiformes: Procellariidae) in Iceland, with notes on host associations of the genus Stibarokris. Systematic and Applied Acarology 2022. 27:4.

Van Der Spuy L, Smit NJ, Schaeffner BC. Threatened, host-specific affiliates of a red-listed host: Three new species of Acanthobothrium van Beneden, 1849 (Cestoda: Onchoproteocephalidea) from the endangered white skate, Rostroraja alba (Lacépède). International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife. 2022; 17:114-126.

Örlygsson G, Laxdal EH, Kárason S, Dagbjartsson A, Gunnarsson E, Ng C-H, Einarsson JM, Gíslason J, Jónsson H Jr. Mineralization in a Critical Size Bone-Gap in Sheep Tibia Improved by a Chitosan-Calcium Phosphate-Based Composite as Compared to Predicate Device. Materials. 2022; 15(3):838.

D´Alessio S, Thorgeirsdottir S, Kraev I, Skirnisson K, Lange S. Post-Translational Protein Deimination Signatures in Plasma and Plasma EVs of Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus). Biology 2021, 10.

Eiríksdóttir H, Skirnisson K. Lung nematodes of sheep (Ovis aries) in Iceland - prevalence, intensity and geographic distribution in 1992 and 1993. Icelandic agricultural sciences 2021;34.

Fuehrer HP, Morelli S, Unterköfler MS, Bajer A, Bakran-Lebl K, Dwuznik-Szarek D, o.fl.. Dirofilaria spp. and Angiostrongylus vasorum: Current Risk of Spreading in Central and Northern Europe. Pathogens 2021, 10. https://10.3390/pathogens10101268

Guðmundsson SÖ, Skirnisson K, Nielsen ÓK. Ornithomya chloropus á Íslandi: Lífsferill og ásætur. Náttúrufræðingurinn 2021, 91(1-2).

Halldorsson TI, Kristjansson AL, Thorisdottir I, Oddsdóttir C, Sveinbjörnsson J, Benediktsson R, o.fl.. Caffeine exposure from beverages and its association with self-reported sleep duration and quality in a large sample of Icelandic adolescents. Food and Chemical Toxicology 2021. https://10.1016/j.fct.2021.112549

Kudlai O, Pantoja C, O´Dwyer K, Jouet D, Skirnisson K, Faltýnková A. Diversity of Plagiorchis (Trematoda: Digenea) in high latitudes: Species composition and snail host spectrum revealed by integrative taxonomy. Journal of zoological systematics and evolutionary research 2021.

Lisnerová M, Lisner A, Cantatore DMP, Schaeffner BC, Pecková H, Tymi T, o.fl.. Correlated evolution of fish host length and parasite spore size: a tale from myxosporeans inhabiting elasmobranchs. International Journal for Parasitology 2021. https://10.1016/j.ijpara.2021.05.008

Martin F, Eydal M, Höglund J, Tydén E. Constitutive and differential expression of transport protein genes in Parascaris univalens larvae and adult tissues after in vitro exposure to anthelmintic drugs. Veterinary Parasitology 2021, 298. https://10.1016/j.vetpar.2021.109535

Martin F, Svansson V, Eydal M, Oddsdóttir C, Ernback M, Persson I, o.fl.. First Report of Resistance to Ivermectin in Parascaris univalens in Iceland . The Journal of Parasitology, 2021;107(1).

Morrill A, Nielsen ÓK, Stenkewitz U, Pálsdóttir GR, Forbes MR, Skirnisson K. Weighing the predictors: host traits and coinfecting species both explain variation in parasitism of Rock Ptarmigan. Ecosphere 2021, 12(8). https://10.1002/ecs2.3709

Oddsdóttir C, Pálsdóttir GR. Patterns of Eimeria excretion in young Icelandic calves. Icelandic agricultural sciences 2021, 34.

Oosthuizen G, Acosta AA, Smit NJ, Schaeffner BC. A new species of Grillotia Guiart, 1927 (Cestoda: Trypanorhyncha) from the spotted skate, Raja straeleni Poll, in South Africa. Parasitology International 82, 102307.

Pantoja C, Faltýnková A, O´Dwyer K, Jouet D, Skirnisson K, Kudlai O. Diversity of echinostomes (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) in their snail hosts at high latitudes. Parasite 2021, 28. https://10.1051/parasite/2021054

Pálsdóttir GR, Skírnisson K. Ásætumítlar á humludrottningum á Íslandi. Náttúrufræðingurinn 91 (3–4) bls. 112–121, 2021.

Pretorius C, Smit NJ, Schaeffner BC*, Cook AC*. The neglected diversity: Description and molecular characterisation of Trypanosoma haploblephari Yeld and Smit, 2006 from endemic catsharks (Scyliorhinidae) in South Africa, the first trypanosome sequence data from sharks globally. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife 15, 143-152. (* dual senior-authorship).

Sigurdardottir AK, Jonasdottir AS, Asbjarnarson A, Helgudottir HR, Gudjonsson T, Traustadottir GA. Peroxidasin Enhances Basal Phenotype and Inhibits Branching Morphogenesis in Breast Epithelial Progenitor Cell Line D492. J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia (2021).

Skirnisson K, Bergan F, Nielsen ÓK. Norwegian rock ptarmigan ectoparasites: chewing lice (Phthiraptera, Ischnocera) and feather mites (Astigmata, Psoroptidia). Norwegian journal of entomology 2021, 68.

Stingl K, Heise J, Thieck M, Wulsten IF, Pacholewicz E, Iwobi AN, Govindaswamy J, Zeller-Péronnet V, Scheuring S, Luu HQ, Fridriksdottir V, Gölz G, Priller F, Gruntar I, Jorgensen F, Koene M, Kovac J, Lick S, Répérant E, Rohlfing A, Zawilak-Pawlik A, Rossow M, Schlierf A, Frost K, Simon K, Uhlig S, Huber I. Challenging the “gold standard” of colony-forming units - Validation of a multiplex real-time PCR for quantification of viable Campylobacter spp. in meat rinses. International Journal of Food Microbiology 2021. Volume 359.

Bazsalovicsová E, Minárik G, Šoltys K, Radaˇcovská A, Kuhn JA, Karlsbakk E, et al. Development of 14 Microsatellite Markers for Zoonotic Tapeworm Dibothriocephalus dendriticus (Cestoda: Diphyllobothriidea). Genes. 2020.

Deksne G, Davidson RK, Buchman K, Karssin A, Kirjusina M, Gavarane I, et al. Parasites in the changing world – Ten timely examples from the Nordic-Baltic region. Parasite Epidemiology and Control. 2020.

Faltýnková A, Pantoja C, Skirnisson K, Kudlai O. Unexpected diversity in northern Europe: trematodes from salmonid fishes in Iceland with two new species of Crepidostomum Braun, 1900. Fish Parasitology. 2020.

Martin F, Dube F, Lindsjö OK, Eydal M, Höglund J, Bergström TF, et al. Transcriptional responses in Parascaris univalens after in vitro exposure to ivermectin, pyrantel citrate and thiabendazole. Parasites & Vectors. 2020;13.

Nielsen ÓK, Morrill A, Skirnisson K, Stenkewitz U, Pálsdóttir GR, Forbes MR. Host sex and age typically explain variation in parasitism of rock ptarmigan: implications for identifying determinants of exposure and susceptibility. Journal of Avian Biology. 2020;51(10).

Skirnisson K, Duszynski DW. Presence of eimerid oocysts in faeces of a quarantined dog in Iceland is explained by coprophagic behaviour prior to its importation. Case report. BMC Veterinary Research. 2020;16.

Skirnisson K, Pálsdóttir GR. Past and present status of poultry parasites in Iceland. Icelandic Agricultural Sciences. 2020;33.

Control of paratuberculosis: who, why and how. A review of 48 countries. BMC Veterinary Research. 2019;15.

Global monitoring of antimicrobial resistance based on metagenomics analyses of urban sewage. Nature Communications. 2019;10(1).

Gonchar A, Jouet D, Skirnisson K, Krupenko D, Galaktionov KV. Transatlantic discovery of Notocotylus atlanticus (Digenea: Notocotylidae) based on life cycle data. Parasitology Research. 2019;118(5).

Hreinsdóttir I, Hreinsdóttir A, Eydal M, Tysnes KRelling, Robertson LJ. Anoplocephala perfoliata Infection in Horses in Iceland: Investigation of Associations Between Intensity of Infection and Lesions. Journal of Parasitology. 2019;105(2).

Skirnisson K, Nielsen ÓK. Quill mite infestation of rock ptarmigan Lagopus muta (Aves: Phasianidae) in relation to year and host age, sex, body condition, and density. Parasitology Research. 2019;118(9).


Myrenås M, Slettemeås JSchau, Thorsteinsdottir TR, Bengtsson B, Börjesson S, Nilsson O, et al. Clonal spread of Escherichia coli resistant to cephalosporins and quinolones in the Nordic broiler production. Veterinary Microbiology. 2018;213:123–128.

Skírnisson K, Pálsdóttir GR, Eydal M. Sníkjudýr staðfest í innfluttum hundum og köttum á Íslandi á árunum 1989 - 2017 ásamt upplýsingum um sníkjudýr sem fundist hafa í hundum og köttum innanlands (Parasites of dogs and cats imported to Iceland during 1989 – 2017 with remarks on parasites occurring in the native populations). Icelandic Agricultural Sciences. 2018;31:49-63.

Alfredsson M, Olafsson E, Eydal M, Unnsteinsdottir ER, Hansford K, Wint W, et al. Surveillance of Ixodes ricinus ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in Iceland. Parasites & Vectors. 2017;10(466).

Eibler D, Krüger S, Skírnisson K, Vetter W. Combined thin layer chromatography and gas chromatography with mass spectrometric analysis of lipid classes and fatty acids in malnourished polar bears (Ursus maritimus) which swam to Iceland. Journal of Chromatography B. 2017;1046:138–146.

Reger L, Gallistl C, Skírnisson K, Vetter W. Analysis and characterization of polychlorinated hydroxybornanes as metabolites of toxaphene using a polar bear model. Environmental Science and Technology. 2017;51:8335−8342.

Skírnisson K. Bandormafána landspendýra á Íslandi að fornu og nýju. Náttúrufræðingurinn, Tímarit Hins íslenska náttúrufræðifélags. 2017;87:116–131.

Stenkewitz U, Nielsen OK, Skírnisson K, Stefánsson G. Feather holes of rock ptarmigan are associated with amblyceran chewing lice. Wildlife Biology. 2017.