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Component‐resolved microarray analysis of IgE sensitization profiles to Culicoides recombinant allergens in horses with insect bite hypersensitivity

TitleComponent‐resolved microarray analysis of IgE sensitization profiles to Culicoides recombinant allergens in horses with insect bite hypersensitivity
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsNovotny, EL, White, SJ, Wilson, AD, Stefansdottir, SB, Tijhaar, E, Jonsdottir, S, Frey, R, Reiche, D, Rose, H, Rhyner, C, Schupbach-Regula, G, Torsteinsdottir, S, Alcocer, M, Marti, E
JournalAllergy
Abstract

Background

Allergy to bites of blood‐sucking insects, including biting midges, can affect both human and veterinary patients. Horses are often suffering from an IgE‐mediated allergic dermatitis caused by bites of midges (Culicoides spp). With the aim to improve allergen immunotherapy (AIT), numerous Culicoides allergens have been produced as recombinant (r‐) proteins. This study aimed to test a comprehensive panel of differently expressed Culicoides r‐allergens on a cohort of IBH‐affected and control horses using an allergen microarray.

Methods

IgE levels to 27 Culicoides r‐allergens, including 8 previously unpublished allergens, of which 11 were expressed in more than one expression system, were determined in sera from 347 horses. ROC analyses were carried out, cut‐offs selected using a specificity of 95% and seropositivity rates compared between horses affected with insect bite hypersensitivity (IBH) and control horses. The combination of r‐allergens giving the best performing test was determined using logistic regression analysis.

Results

Seropositivity was significantly higher in IBH horses compared with controls for 25 r‐allergens. Nine Culicoides r‐allergens were major allergens for IBH with seven of them binding IgE in sera from > 70% of the IBH‐affected horses. Combination of these top seven r‐allergens could diagnose > 90% of IBH‐affected horses with a specificity of > 95%. Correlation between differently expressed r‐allergens was usually high (mean = 0.69, range: 0.28‐0.91).

Conclusion

This microarray will be a powerful tool for the development of component‐resolved, patient‐tailored AIT for IBH and could be useful for the study of allergy to biting midges in humans and other species.

URLhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/all.14556
DOI10.1111/all.14556
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