|Title||Combined thin layer chromatography and gas chromatography withmass spectrometric analysis of lipid classes and fatty acids inmalnourished polar bears (Ursus maritimus) which swam to Iceland|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Eibler, D, Krüger, S, Skírnisson, K, Vetter, W|
|Journal||Journal of Chromatography B|
Between 2008 and 2011, four polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from the Greenland population swam and/or drifted on ice to Iceland where they arrived in very poor body condition. Body fat resources in these animals were only between 0% and 10% of the body weight (usually 25%). Here we studied the lipid composition in different tissues (adipose tissue if available, liver, kidney and muscle). Lipid classes were determined by thin layer chromatography (TLC) and on-column gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The fatty acid pattern of total lipids and free fatty acids was analyzed by GC/MS in selected ion monitoring (SIM) mode. Additionally, cholesteryl esters and native fatty acid methyl esters, initially detected as zones in thin layer chromatograms, were enriched by solid phase extraction and quantified by GC/MS. The ratio of free fatty acids to native fatty acid methyl esters could be correlated with the remained body lipids in the polar bears and thus may also serve as a marker for other starving animals or even for humans.