Háskóli Íslands

Barley produced Culicoides allergens are suitable for monitoring the immune response of horses immunized with E. coli expressed allergens

TitleBarley produced Culicoides allergens are suitable for monitoring the immune response of horses immunized with E. coli expressed allergens
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsJonsdottir, S, Stefansdottir, SB, Kristinarson, SB, Svansson, V, Bjornsson, JM, Runarsdottir, A, Wagner, B, Marti, E, Torsteinsdottir, S
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume201
Pagination32–37
Abstract

Insect bite hypersensitivity is an allergic dermatitis of horses caused by bites of Culicoides midges. Sufficient amount of pure, endotoxin-free allergens is a prerequisite for development and monitoring of preventive and therapeutic allergen immunotherapy. Aims of the study were to compare the Culicoides nubeculosus (Cul n) allergens Cul n 3 and Cul n 4, produced in transgenic barley grains with the corresponding E. coli or insect cells expressed proteins for measuring antibody and cytokine responses. Allergen-specific IgG responses were measured by ELISA in sera from twelve horses not exposed to Culicoides, before and after vaccination with E. coli-rCul n 3 and 4. Before vaccination no IgG binding to the barley and insect cell produced proteins was detected and a similar increase in specific IgG was observed after vaccination. While IgG levels to the E.coli expressed proteins were higher in the post-vaccination sera, some background binding was observed pre-vaccination. In vitro re-stimulation of PBMC was performed for measurements of cytokines. E. coli expressed proteins resulted in high background in PBMC from non-vaccinated controls. The barley and insect cell expressed proteins induced similar amount of IFN-γ and IL-4 in PBMC from vaccinated horses. Barley produced allergens are promising tools for use in immunoassays

URLhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetimm.2018.05.005
DOI10.1016/j.vetimm.2018.05.005
Þú ert að nota: brimir.rhi.hi.is